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Accueil Urgent Actions 2023 05 President must veto anti-LBGTI* legislation
UA 048/23
Uganda
Terminée le 7 juillet 2023
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Bad News

30.5.2023

Yesterday Uganda’s President signed into law what’s known as the 2023 Anti-Homosexuality Bill.

The Bill imposes the death penalty or life imprisonment for consensual same-sex acts, up to 20 years in prison for «recruitment, promotion and funding» of same-sex «activities», and anyone convicted of «attempted aggravated homosexuality» faces a 14-year sentence.

We issued a Press Release condemning the move and calling on the international community to urgently pressure the Ugandan government to protect the rights of LGBTI persons in the country:

Uganda: President’s approval of anti-LGBTI Bill is a grave assault on human rights. - Amnesty International

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President must veto anti-LBGTI* legislation

AI-Index: AFR 59/6752/2023

On 2 May, Uganda’s Parliament passed the 2023 Anti-Homosexuality Bill and sent it back to President Yoweri Museveni. The President has until 31 May to either sign, veto or return the Bill back to Parliament. The Bill criminalizes consensual same-sex conduct and has retained the death penalty in cases of «aggravated homosexuality». It also allows a 20-year sentence for «promoting homosexuality», which could outlaw any advocacy for the rights of LGBTI* persons in the country. Criminalizing consensual same-sex conduct blatantly violates numerous human rights, including the rights to dignity, equality before the law, equal protection by the law, and non-discrimination. The President must veto the law and ensure the human rights of all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation, gender identity and/or expression, are protected.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

The 2023 Anti-Homosexuality Bill is not the first time the Ugandan Parliament has attempted to criminalize homosexuality.

Since the striking-down of Uganda’s Anti-Homosexuality Act in 2014, there have been repeated efforts to proscribe homosexuality. In 2021, Parliament approved the Sexual Offences Bill, which criminalized any «sexual act between persons of the same gender», as well as anal sex between people of any gender, with a penalty of up to 10 years in prison. In August 2021, President Yoweri Museveni vetoed law, the Sexual Offences Act. In a letter written on 3 August 2021, addressed to Speaker Jacob Oulanyah, the President said the legislation needed to be reviewed to address redundant provisions already in other Ugandan laws.

While the text of the official Bill that awaits Presidential decision has not been made public, details of provisions that have been passed have been disclosed through the parliamentary debate of 21 March 2023. The Bill is one of the most extreme anti-LGBTI* laws in the world. Uganda is already among 30 African countries that criminalise same-sex conduct, and this Bill broadens penalties and appears to be the first to outlaw anyone identifying as LGBTI*, beyond sexual conduct.

Continued homophobic comments made by the President and other senior state representatives, before, during and after the passage of the Bill, is creating a climate of discrimination against LGBTI* people. For example, in August 2022, the NGO Bureau shut down Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG) a key LGBTI* advocacy group in Uganda, for operating without registering with the NGO Bureau under the NGO Act 2016. On 17 April 2023, a Ugandan court in Jinja, eastern Uganda denied bail to six young peer educators working for healthcare organizations after they were arbitrarily arrested on 8 April 2023 and charged with «forming part of a criminal sexual network». The Uganda Police Force confirmed that it conducted forced anal exams, and HIV testing on the six.

The Anti-Homosexuality Bill is in violation of Uganda’s obligations under both national and international law, including Chapter 4 of the Constitution of Uganda which protects the rights to equality and non-discrimination, protection of personal liberty, protection from cruel or degrading treatment, and privacy. The Bill further violates provisions of the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights (the African Charter), prohibiting discrimination, cruel or degrading treatment, and prohibition of arbitrary arrests.

The Bill also violates various provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). The UDHR protects everyone’s right to express themselves freely, and the right to equality and non-discrimination. Like the African Charter, the UDHR prohibits torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, and protect against arbitrary arrest, detention, and arbitrary interference with a person’s privacy, family, home, or correspondence. The ICCPR has similar provisions in its articles 2, 7, 9 and 17.

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